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David Geller

Why Taking Another Day Off Could Help More Than It Hurts

Cutting your work week to four days could ease your mind while maintaining your bottom line.

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IF YOU’RE LIKE ME, you’re a workaholic. Some just love their work; others have nothing else to do.

When I owned a store, I always worked six days. Even though the store was closed on Mondays, the shop was working on Monday. We did try a four-day work week in the beginning. The reason was selfish. When we started in 1974, we were open on Saturdays. With no kids, I had a hobby: remote control airplanes. Had to do home chores on Saturday so I could fly on Sundays.

At the time, I had six employees and we were open five days, but all employees worked four days a week, 10 hours a day (7 a.m.-6 p.m.). Admittedly, it was tough getting people to work on time at 7 a.m.

There was one less day of breaks and lunches. The jewelers were more productive and enjoyed having three days off. We rotated, and every other weekend, they would have three days off in a row (otherwise, they had two days off together and one day off in the middle). The schedule stayed that way until we moved to a larger shopping center and we went to five 8-hour days. Don’t remember why.

What about the owner working four days? You are the boss, aren’t you? When I started creating my price guide, I took a day off from the store weekly and worked at home. Still working, but uninterrupted. Got a lot done.

Why won’t most store owners shorten their work week?

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I know because I was a culprit.

You might make most of the store sales and figure that if you’re not there, sales will drop. Or maybe you don’t trust your staff. Or maybe you wouldn’t know what to do with yourself.

Before selling my store, other jewelers asked me to go to their stores to help them, and I was also speaking at state associations. I was absent a lot. What I learned from being away from the store was this: given the opportunity, the staff would step up to the plate and do a great job. We had store meetings bi-monthly, so the staff was already trained. By letting them take over, they learn even more and are eager to earn your trust.

Although sometimes I didn’t like a decision they made, it all worked out. It gave me the freedom to “think” and do better.

Many of the most successful stores I have visited are owners who “let go” and don’t micro-manage everything. Trying taking off during the week on your slowest day and see what that does for you for 30 days. You’ll be amazed.

David Geller is a 14th-generation bench jeweler who produces The Geller Blue Book To Jewelry Repair Pricing. David is the “go-to guy” for setting up QuickBooks for a jewelry store. Reach him at david@jewelerprofit.com.

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David Geller

Why You Should Never Discount Your Shop Labor

It doesn’t have “turn”; it only has “time.”

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YOU CAN DISCOUNT merchandise, whether stock or special-ordered (like parts to custom make a ring) because merchandise has turn.

But discounting labor is different. Labor doesn’t have turn, it has time.

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If you discount inventory, you can still do well if you sell it many times a year. Labor, on the other hand, can’t be sold many times a minute or hour. If you charge $100 to do something in an hour, you have your income of $100 and whatever you or the jeweler is paid is the cost for that hour.

If you discount that $100 by 20 percent to $80, your profit margin percentage decreases and you can’t make it back unless you:

1. Do the same job 20 percent faster.

2. Reduce the jeweler’s pay by 20 percent.

Neither one is going to happen, and we both know it. Instead, make it a policy never to discount labor. Here’s how you do it.

When quoting a custom job, break the pricing down into two columns: “Material” and “Labor.” List the individual diamonds, gold casting grain, and gemstones under “Material” and add that up in the first column. Under the “Labor” column. list your CAD/custom fees, setting, and engraving heads and add them up.

Now you have a total of material and total of labor.

As I mentioned above, material has turn. Let’s say you get an order for a custom ring on the first day of the month and deliver it on the last day of the month. Do that every month, and these items you specially ordered have a turn of 12. With such fast turn, you can discount material. But you can’t work any faster, so don’t discount the labor.

Here is how to present the price if the customer is resistant. Let’s assume material is $1,500 and labor is $1,200 (total = $2,700). You’ll have three prices on the sheet easily visible:

Material $1,500.00 | Labor $1,200.00 | Total: $2,700.00

You give this to the client. If they resist, you may respond, “As you know, we can’t discount labor, but maybe I can give you a small discount on the diamonds and gold.”

Why “as you know?” Because everyone knows that the plumber, electrician, car mechanic and appliance repairman don’t discount their labor.

If you discounted the $2,700 by 20 percent, you’d lose $540. By discounting the material only by 20 percent, you give away $300 but make it up in turn, keeping $240 more in labor.

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David Geller

This Small Yet Logical Fee Can Add Big Profits to Your Bottom Line

It’s worth it to both you and your customer.

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I’M GOING TO GIVE you a tip that will make you $29,400 right here and right now. Here’s how:

Let’s say you take in 4,000 jobs a year. Of the 4,000 jobs, 75 percent of them (or 3,000 jobs) have five or more stones in them.

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In your shop, you check and tighten up to four stones on any job, no charge. But if a piece contains five to 20 stones, you charge an extra $28 to check, tighten, and retighten if they get loose within 12 months (or replace melee if they fall out within the next 12 months). If there are 21 to 35 stones, you charge an extra $35.

This is worth it to both you and your customer.

I don’t care if the stones come in loose or tight, you charge the fee because you are on the hook. Whether they come in tight or not, you keep the $28. Therefore, your sales staff doesn’t have to check stones on take in; the jeweler does it at the bench.

When told this, 30 percent of customers will say, “No way, José.” So you write on the job envelope, “No guarantee; customer didn’t want to have stones checked and tightened.” You’re off the hook.

With that said, 70 percent of the 3,000 jobs with five or more stones will gladly pay the $28. That means you get to charge 2,100 customers an extra $28. That’s a staggering $58,800 you’d take in just because you asked!

Don’t complain how much it costs to replace a stone anymore. Don’t tell the client it’s her fault. You checked and tightened, and therefore you took in $58,800. Can’t you afford to make it right, even if it’s not your fault?

But maybe you’re still scared to do this. Let’s say just half of those clients said, “Yes, I want the guarantee.” Half of $58,800 is $29,400.

Do you know that is money that goes right to the bottom line, net profit on your P&L? Know what it takes to get an extra $29,400 in net profit? If your net profit is 5 percent of sales, you’ll need to do an extra $588,000 in sales to have that net profit.

In other words, just adding the $28 fee produces the same result as opening another store that does half a million dollars per year.

You’re welcome.

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David Geller

If Your Sales Are Acceptable But You Have No Cash, Look At Your Inventory

It’s an extremely simple formula.

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“IF I MADE that much money, where the heck is it?”

After getting one’s tax return back from the CPA, this is the usual question. Jewelers often tell me they aren’t making any money when, in fact, most I help do make a profit in the store.

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But making a profit and having money are two completely different things.

Let’s just talk jewelry sales. If you sell $500,000 and earn keystone, your gross profit is $250,000.

If expenses are $200,000, then your net profit is $50,000, which is 10 percent of sales. Awesome!

“But I have no money!”

Easy. Look at how much inventory you have. At keystone, the amount of inventory you should stock is about equal to your gross profit from selling jewelry. So, if your gross profit was $250,000, then $250,000 should be about inventory level. If inventory is $400,000, the extra $150,000 (which you’ve been overbuying for a few years) hits you in the behind.

Take that $150,000 “too much inventory” and divide by half to three-quarters (leaving either $75,000 or $110,000). Then go look at your QuickBooks or accounting program and add up your accounts payable, credit card debt, bank loans, and loans from owner.

And you’ll see excess inventory is equal to debt, give or take.

In the jewelry industry, a good inventory turn is 1.0 (one time per 12 months). For every month after 12 that stale item sits in the case, the selling price (at keystone) must be increased monthly by 4 percent to make the same amount of profit after a year. If an item cost $100 and sells for $200 and is a year old, then each month starting with month 13, you must add $8 to make up for the second year’s missing profit month-by-month. By month 18, you’d need to raise the price by $48. In two years, it would need to make you $200 instead of just $100. And just think: you could have invested that money into new inventory!

Note: If you have this kind of old inventory and have less debt, I’m betting you do a large amount of shop sales (which requires virtually no inventory) or buy/sell a lot of scrap. These are “free money” departments, requiring little inventory while throwing off good profits. But why work your tush off in one place to help pay for a debt-ridden department someplace else in the store?

Most jewelers think jewelry (including diamonds) doesn’t go out of style. Wrong. Jewelry goes out of money.

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